The Peruvian public sphere and popular culture constitute spaces where the prejudices and racialist conceptions of “otherness” can be depicted. The public stereotyping is based on the perceptual aftermath of a society built on racial difference and the disadvantaged social situation of many Peruvians of African descent. This paper examines the poetics, politics and economics of visual (self‐) representations in the district of El Carmen in the Province of Chincha, one of the hubs of black culture in Peru. The paper argues that the visual representations of blackness on the public sphere of El Carmen are informed by the complex interplay between historical memory, social contestation but also by the demands of commercialization. Based on the visual representations associated with music and gastronomy, discussions in this paper are carried out from the theoretical standpoints of visual culture and vernacular museums in order to examine the racial complexities in the intercultural, hybridized but nevertheless racialized context of Peru.
Ndi, Gilbert Shang. (Re-) imaging Blackness in a Hybridized and Racialized Space: The Visual Landscapes of the Peruvian District of El Carmen, Chincha. African Migration Narratives; Politics, Race and Space. Eds. Cajetan Iheka and Jack Taylor. Rochester: Rochester University Press, 2018, pp. 114-141.